A deposition is a discovery tool used in civil litigation, which is a process by which the parties in a lawsuit gather evidence before the trial. A deposition is a formal interview, usually conducted under oath and recorded by a court reporter, during which a person (usually the opposing party or a witness) is questioned by an attorney. The answers given during a deposition are considered sworn testimony, and can be used in court if the case goes to trial.
The purpose of a deposition is to gather evidence and information that can be used to strengthen a party's case or to impeach (discredit) the testimony of a witness. Depositions can be used to learn about the facts of the case, to identify potential witnesses, and to test the credibility of a witness.
During a deposition, the deponent (the person being questioned) is asked a series of questions by the attorney conducting the deposition. The deponent must answer the questions truthfully and to the best of their knowledge. The deponent's attorney may also be present during the deposition to advise the deponent and object to any questions that are deemed inappropriate or irrelevant.
It's important to note that Depositions can be crucial in a civil case, as they can help to establish facts, identify potential witnesses and evidence, and test the credibility of a witness. Additionally, they can also serve as evidence in court if the case goes to trial.